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Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present by Harriet A. Washington
Publication Date: New York: Doubleday, 2006
Medical Apartheid is a comprehensive history of medical experimentation on African Americans. Starting with the earliest encounters between Black Americans and Western medical researchers and the racist pseudoscience that resulted, it details the ways both slaves and freedmen were used in hospitals for experiments conducted without their knowledge-a tradition that continues today within some black populations. It reveals how blacks have historically been prey to grave-robbing as well as unauthorized autopsies and dissections. Moving into the twentieth century, it shows how the pseudoscience of eugenics and social Darwinism was used to justify experimental exploitation and shoddy medical treatment of blacks, and the view that they were biologically inferior, oversexed, and unfit for adult responsibilities. It includes details about the government's notorious Tuskegee experiment as well as less-well-known medical atrocities conducted by the government, the armed forces, prisons, and private institutions.
An American Health Dilemma: a Medical History of African Americans and the Problem of Race: Beginnings To 1900 by W. Michael Byrd; Linda A. Clayton
Publication Date: New York : Routledge, 2000-2002
Medical Bondage: Race, Gender, and the Origins of American Gynecology by Deirdre Cooper Owens
Publication Date: Athens, GA : University of Georgia Press, 2017.
Just Medicine : A Cure for Racial Inequality in American Health Care by Dayna Bowen Matthew
Publication Date: New York : New York University Press, 2015
Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty by Dorothy Roberts
Publication Date: New York: Pantheon Books, 1997.
Examining Tuskegee The Infamous Syphilis Study and Its Legacy by Susan M. Reverby
Publication Date: Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009
Sex, Race, and Science: Eugenics in the Deep South by Edward J. Larson
Publication Date: Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995
An interview of Dr. Deidre Cooper Owens, author of the book Medical Bondage, by Kimberley Foster. The interview centers around Owens' book and the challenges and common themes that arose in Owens' research for the book.