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American Psychological Association Style Guide - 7th Edition

Film or Video

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 342

In-Text

Model

(Director Last name, Year)

Example

(Habib, 2007)
 

Reference

Model

Director Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Director). (Year). Title of video [Film]. Production Company.

Example

Habib, D. (Director). (2007). Including Samuel [Film]. DH Photography.

Link to Record

Helpful Hints

The director should be credited as author. If unknown, credit someone in a similar role with a description. For ex: (Guest Expert).

If the format is important for retrieving the specific version of the film you watched, put additional information after the word film in brackets. For ex: [Film; four-disc special extended ed. on DVD].

To quote directly from audiovisual work, provide a time stamp for the beginning of the quotation in place of a page number - i.e. (Cuddy, 2012, 2:12).  

Streaming Video

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 344

In-Text

Model

(Uploader's Last name, Year)

Example

(Shippensburg University, 2020)
 

Reference

Model

Uploader's Last name, First initial. Middle initial. Or Group Name [Username]. (Year, Month Day). Title of video [Video]. Platform. URL

Example

Shippensburg University. (2020, April 6). Deep breathing as a coping skill [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Eryv1eiEEo&list=PLjFFAtE4l9TTyg2CYI6D0lj8I1gMu18Md&index=7

Link to Record

Helpful Hints

Use the uploader's name as the author so others will be able to find the video.

To quote directly from audiovisual work, provide a time stamp for the beginning of the quotation in place of a page number - i.e. (Cuddy, 2012, 2:12).  

TED Talk on TED Website

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 343

In-Text

Model

(Speaker Last name, Year)

Example

(Durgavich, 2019)
 

Reference

Model

Speaker Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year, Month). Title of talk [Video]. Platform. URL

Example

Durgavich, L. (2019, March). An evolutionary perspective on human health and disease [Video]. TED Conferences. https://www.ted.com/talks/lara_durgavich_an_evolutionary_perspective_on_human_health_and_disease

Link to Record

TED Talk on YouTube

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 343

In-Text

Model

(Uploader Last name, Year)

Example

(TED, 2020)

Reference

Model

Uploader. (Year, Month Day). Speaker First name Last name: Title of talk [Video]. Platform. URL

Example

TED. (2020, April 22). Oliver Jeffers: An ode to living on Earth [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zpn6MCmoK0g

Link to Record

Helpful Hints

When you access a TED Talk on the TED website, the author in your citation will be the speaker in the talk. If you access the talk through YouTube, the uploader (TED) will be the author, and you'll include the speaker's name before the title.

To quote directly from audio-visual work, include the time the quote begins in your in-text citation. For example: (Jeffers, 2020, 2:15)

Podcast Episode

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 345

In-Text

Model

(Host Last name, Year)

Example

(Abumrad & Krulwich, 2020)
 

Reference

Model

Host Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Host). (Year, Month Day). Title of episode (No. 123) [Audio podcast episode]. In Title of podcast. Station. URL

Example

Abumrad, J. (Host). & Krulwich, R. (Host). (2020, January 7). 60 words [Audio podcast episode]. In Radiolab. WNYC Studios. https://www.wnycstudios.org/podcasts/radiolab/episodes/60-words

Link to Record

Helpful Hints

Use the host of the podcast as the author with their role in parentheses.

Put the episode number after the title in parentheses. If there's no number, leave that part out.

If you accessed the podcast using an app and don't know the URL, omit it.

To quote directly from audio-visual work, include the time the quote begins in your in-text citation. For example: (Jeffers, 2020, 2:15)

Music Album

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 344

In-Text

Model

(Singer Last name, Year)

Example

(Sinatra, 2006)
 

Reference

Model

Singer Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year). Title of album [Album]. Label. (Original date {if different from publication date}).

Example

Sinatra, N. (2006). Country, my way [Album]. Boots Enterprises.

Link to Record

Helpful Hints

Use the singer as the author. If it is classical work, use the composer as the author.

Use a URL only if it is the only way to access the work (i.e. if the song is published only on the artist's website).

To quote directly from audio-visual work, include the time the quote begins in your in-text citation. For example: (Jeffers, 2020, 2:15)

PowerPoint slides or Lecture notes

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 347

In-Text

Model

(Author Last name, Year)

Example

(Gibbon, 2020)
 

Reference

Model

Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year). Title of work [Description of work]. Site name. URL

Example

Gibbon, T. (2020). Disability Studies Week 3 [PowerPoint slides]. D2L. https://d2l.ship.edu/d2l/loginh/

Helpful Hints

If the PowerPoint is posted to an online site (such as D2L, BlackBoard, or Moddle) provide site name and URL for site login page.

Photograph

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 347

In-Text

Model

(Photographer Last name, Year)

Example

(White, 1982)
 

Reference

Model

Photographer Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year). Title of photograph [Photograph] OR [Description of photograph if title unknown]. Source. URL

Example

White, J. (1982). [Photograph of children playing in the Cabrini Green projects]. The Pulitzer Prizes. https://www.pulitzer.org/article/10-images-newseums-pulitzer-prize-photo-gallery

Link to Record

Helpful Hints

If title of photograph is unknown, use a description in brackets as in the example.

Use this format only for photographs. To cite other artwork connected with a museum use example 97 on p. 346 of the APA manual.