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American Psychological Association Style Guide - 7th Edition

Whole Website

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 350 & p. 268, Section 8:22

In-Text

When mentioning or referring to a whole website, put the URL in parenthesis following the mention. Don't make a formal in-text citation.

Example

MedlinePlus (https://medlineplus.gov) is an important source for authoritative medical information.

Reference

Don't make a reference list entry for whole websites.

Webpage with Group Author, no publication date

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 351

In-Text

Model

(Name of Group, n.d.)

Example

(Respect Ability, n.d.)
 

Reference

Model

Name of Group. (n.d.). Title of page. Retrieved from URL

Example

Respect Ability. (n.d.). Advancing opportunities for people with disabilities in Los Angeles. https://www.respectability.org/model-practice/

Link to Record

Helpful Hints

When author name and site name are the same, omit site name.

Include retrieval date only when content is designed to change over time and page is not archived.

If you wish to cite a whole webiste, you will not create a reference entry. Instead, use the website name in the text and cite the URL in parentheses.

To determine date format, see p. 350 of the APA guide.

Webpage with an Author

Publication Manual of the APA 2020, p. 351

In-Text

Model

(Author last name, Year)

Example

(McLeod, 2019)
 

Reference

Model

Author Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Date). Title of page. Site Name. URL

Example

McLeod, S. (2019). What is phsychology? SimplyPsychology. https://www.simplypsychology.org/whatispsychology.html

Link to Record

Helpful Hints

When author name and site name are the same, omit site name.

Include retrieval date only when content is designed to change over time and page is not archived.

To determine date format, see p. 350 of the APA guide.

Webpage on a News Website

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 351

In-Text

Model

(Author last name, Year)

Example

(Khazan, 2020)
 

Reference

Model

Author last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Site Name. Retrieved from URL

Example

Khazan, O. (2020, April 14). The unexpected benefits of being weird. Vox. https://www.vox.com/the-highlight/2020/4/3/21199768/weird-olga-khazan-outsiders-mental-health-introverted

Link to Record

Helpful Hints

Use formatting for news sites that are published exclusively in online new websites (i.e. CNN, HuffPost, Salon, Vox). To site articles from magazines and newspapers, see articles section.

If the group author and site name are the same, omit site name from your citation.

Report by a Government Agency or Other Organization (Group Author)

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 p. 329

In-Text

Model

(Name of Group, Year)

Example

(Bureau of the Fiscal Service, 2019)
 

Reference

Model

Name of Authoring Group. (Year). Title of report. Publisher. URL

Example

Bureau of the Fiscal Service. (2019). Financial report of the United States government. https://fiscal.treasury.gov/reports-statements/financial-report/current-report.html

Link to Record

Helpful Hints

When the publisher name and the author are the same, omit publisher name from the citation.

Tweet

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 pp. 348-349

In-Text

Model

(Author Last name or Name of Group, Year)

Example

(American Psychological Association, 2020)
 

Reference

Model

Author Last name, First initial. Middle initial. or Name of Group [@username]. (Year, Month Day). Content of post up to the first 20 words [Description of audiovisuals] [Tweet]. Site Name. URL

Example

American Psychological Association [@APA]. (2020, January 30). We want to appear honest to other people, even if that means lying, according to new research published in @APA_Journals… [Thumbnail with link attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/APA/status/1222892145213935616

Link to Record

Facebook Post

Publication Manual of the APA 2020 pp. 348-349

In-Text

Model

(Name of Group, Year)

Example

(Psychology Today, 2020)
 

Reference

Model

Name of Group (Year, Month Day). Content of post up to the first 20 words [Description of audiovisuals]. Site name. URL

Example

Psychology Today. (2020, April 13). They're demanding. They're inconsiderate. And they may just be your parent or partner [Article attached]. Facebook. https://bit.ly/2RD2SV3

Link to Record

Helpful Hints

Only cite social media for original content, not articles that you found through social media.

If the post contains audiovisual content, describe it in brackets in your citation.

Do not change spelling or capitalization, even if it is nonstandard.

Include emojis or the emoji name if you can't recreate the emoji.

Both of these examples are from group authors, but you can cite social media from an individual author as well (see first example for formatting).