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American Sociological Association Style Guide

American Sociological Association (ASA) Style Guide

Email Message

(ASA Style Guide 2014 section 5.3.6 p. 85)

Text

Model

In an e-mail message to the author, (Last name) indicated (subject).¹

Example

In an e-mail message to the author, Smith mentioned that the association plans to make this change.¹

Footnote

Model

¹Sender first last, e-mail message to author, month day, year.

Example

¹John Smith, e-mail message to author, July 6, 2017.

Helpful Hint

Email messages are not included in the References section at the end of the paper, so they only receive an in-text citation with a superscripted number for the note, and then a footnote at the bottom of the page with the full footnote citation.