uniE610 Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Literature Reviews

Approaches to Writing

As you write your review, consider these ways of expressing your ideas:

  • Compare and contrast views of different authors.
  • Criticize previous work.
  • Highlight gaps in existing research.
  • Show how your work relates to previous work.
  • Identify problems, conflicts, debates, gaps.
  • Define a research area in a new way.
  • Question previous results.

From: Writing the successful thesis and dissertation, p. 111
by Irene L. Clark

Synthesizing the Literature

Some helpful tips for preparing your synthesis of the literature!

  • Compare and contrast the results of each study.
  • Assign codes to main discussion points in each study.
  • Developing themes, grouping together codes.
  • Compare and link the codes and themes.
  • Work with codes and themes that do not support each other.
  • Discuss of the strength of the evidence.
  • Be aware of results that appear too neat.
  • Be creative!
  • Write up YOUR results, telling a story with your data.
  • Organize themes in logical order.
  • Answer your research question.
  • Incorporate your critical appraisal.
  • How well does your information address your research question?

From Doing a Literature Review in Health and Social Care: 
A Practical Guide 
by Helen Aveyard

Brainstorming

Correctly Referencing Your Sources - Avoiding Plagiarism

Recommended Reading!

The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism

Chapter titles:

  1. The ‘shock’ of referencing
  2. Why reference?
  3. The ‘what’ and ‘when’ of referencing
  4. Plagiarism
  5. Referencing styles
  6. Name–date (Harvard) style of referencing
  7. Frequently asked questions
  8. How to express your own ideas in assignments
  9. Referencing in action: example references 

More Recommended Reading!

Explore the resources listed below to learn more about how to avoid plagiarism and correctly citing the ideas of others:

Writing Your Literature Review

The sites below offer a range of considerations and steps for writing the literature review.

Books About Doing/Writing Literature Reviews

Suggestions for your reading pleasure!