Eyes off the Prize: The United Nations and the African American Struggle for Human Rights, 1944–1955 by Carol Anderson
Publication Date: Cambridge, UK; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2003
In historian Carol Anderson's first book, Eyes Off the Prize she describes how African American leaders, led by the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), sensed the opportunity to launch an offensive against the conditions of segregation and inequality in America as World War II drew to a close and the world awakened to the horror wrought by white supremacists in Nazi Germany. The 'prize' they sought was not civil rights, but human rights. Only the human rights lexicon, shaped by the Holocaust and articulated by the United Nations, contained the language and the moral power to address not only the political and legal inequality but also the education, health care, housing, and employment needs that haunted the black community. But, Anderson argues, the onset of the Cold War and rising anti-communism allowed powerful Southerners to cast those rights as Soviet-inspired and the Civil Rights Movement was launched with neither the language nor the mission it needed to truly achieve black equality.