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As a safeguard against copyright infringement the library has taken the following measures:
Materials are accessible through the library’s web site and are password protected.
Files are stored on a campus server.
Materials placed on e-reserves are kept for one semester.
The library will not scan more than 10% of any book for course reserve.
Review the "Common Scenarios" page for more guidelines on the fair use and course reserves.
Copying Computer Software
Computer software is tangible material and can be copyrighted. The Doctrine of Fair Use applies to computer software.
Permissible uses of copyrighted software owned by or licensed to the University or its faculty:
Copying it by using it in a computer's memory.
Making one backup or archival copy.
Making adaptations in order to use a particular machine.
Selling it, in which case the backup or archival copy must be destroyed.
Prohibited uses of copyrighted software:
Making copies for gift or sale.
Copying a computer program purchased for use at the University in order to use it at home.
Copying a computer program purchased for use in one department or
school for use in another department or school. A site license should
be negotiated to allow multiple uses on campus.
Copying for Classroom Use
Copying of copyrighted
materials for student learning and research use without written
permission may occur in the following instances:
Single copying for teachers
Single copies may be made
of any of the following by or for teachers at their individual request
for scholarly research or use in teaching or preparation to teach a
One chapter from a book;
An article from a periodical, journal, or newspaper;
A short story, short essay, or short poem, whether or not from a collective work;
A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon, or picture from a book,periodical, or newspaper.
Multiple copies for student learning use
Multiple copies (not to
exceed more than one copy per student in a course) may be
made by or for the teacher giving the course for student learning use
or discussion; provided that the following three criteria are met:
The copying meets the tests of brevity and spontaneity (as defined below).
The copying meets the cumulative effect test (as defined below).
Each copy includes a notice of copyright. An example is "this material may be protected by Copyright law (title 17, US Code)."
Brevity: Either a complete article, story or essay of less than 2,500 words,
(usually varies 3-8 pages depending on size of page and type) or an
excerpt from any prose work of not more than 1,000 words or 10 percent
of the work, whichever is greater.
Spontaneity: The copying is at the instance and inspiration of the individual
teacher, and the inspiration and decision to use the work.The moment of
its use for maximum teaching effectiveness are so close in time that it
would be unreasonable to expect a timely reply to a request for
Cumulative effect: Copying of the material is for only one course in the school in which the copies are made.
Permission from copyright holders may be needed
when creating course materials, research papers, and web sites.
You need to obtain permission when you use a work in a way that
infringes on the exclusive rights granted to a copyright holder (i.e. outside the boundaries of fair use).
Steps that need to be followed to obtain permission to use copyrighted material:
Determine if permission is needed
for the work you want to use.
Identify the copyright holder or agent.
Send written request for permission
to use (view Sample Letter). Remember to give yourself ample lead time, as the process
for obtaining permissions can take months. Decide if you are willing
to pay a licensing fee/royalty.
If the copyright holder can't be located
or is unresponsive (or if you are unwilling to pay a license fee),
be prepared to use a limited amount that qualifies for fair use, or
use alternative material.