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The word analysis usually impliesat least two elements:
(a) a breakdown of something into parts or ideas, and
(b) a discussion or description of those parts using a point of view or a method.
If, for example, you were asked to analyze the text of a reading, you would choose several main or important ideas from it, then discuss each in turn using some kind of special point of view, theory, or method.
An analysis in its purest form differs from other types of writing in that its primary concern simply is to explain something in greater or newer detail using a unique point of view, whereas the main purposes of many kinds of papers may be to argue or to evaluate. In fact, some assignments may require you to use analysis to argue a point or to evaluate something. However, if you are required to do nothing but a simple analysis, then your primary goal is to explain something from a unique point of view (s).
The goal of writing an analysis is:
To read an argumentative essay that you can understand easily and then to analyze its parts step by step, using one or more differing viewpoints or theories. For this particular class assignment, you are required to use at least five concepts from the textbook and/or from the class discussion.