Mastering synthetic writing is key to a successful literature review. Use these resources to learn how to analyze the articles you want to use for your literature review, keep track of common themes using an article analysis matrix, and how to convert the notes in the analysis matrix into a piece of synthetic writing.
Think of working on your literature review as a multi-step process:
- Identify a topic.
- Find research articles on that topic.
- Read and analyze each article. (Use the Individual Article Analysis Worksheet)
- Compare all of the themes addressed in the articles. (Use the Article Analysis Matrix)
- Use your notes from the article analysis matrix to decide how to organize your literature review (make an outline).
- Write your literature review by discussing one theme at a time--how is this theme covered in the literature?
- Your literature review will also need an introduction and a conclusion. Some students like to start with the introduction, while others find it is easier to write the introduction after they have written the body of their literature review.
- Don't forget to include References at the end of your paper (and to cite them properly within the text)!